Hit Enter to search or Esc key to close
Blog thumbnail

Christian Monuments and Monasteries in Egypt

Christian Monuments and Monasteries in Egypt

Blog thumbnail , , , ,

Today we’ll mention the Christian Monuments and Monasteries in Egypt, once it involves religion in Egypt, most people tend to assume either of the present dominant religion (Islam) or, particularly in terms of commercial enterprise, of the traditional religion. The beliefs of god-king Pharaohs, the afterlife, conjointly the} idea of multiple deities fascinates most of us and is commonly a tourism focal point. However, what you’ll currently apprehend is that Christianity also contend an outsized role in Egyptian history and still will today.


The religious belief has a stimulating history in Egypt. it’s modified and custom-made over time, however ultimately survived over thousands of years. Amid the active streets of Cairo and out amid the wind-blown sands of the desert you’ll still notice Christian churches, monasteries, and monuments; several of that are still operating and in use today.  


For those inquisitive about learning a lot of about Christianity in Egypt, and therefore the monuments and monasteries that you just will still see and visit, this text is for you. 


The Christian Monuments in Cairo, Egypt – image Credit: Keep Calm and marvel


Christianity in Egypt


The Arrival of Christianity in Egypt


Christianity is claimed to own been dropped at Egypt by the Apostle Evangelist shortly when the death of Hebrew Christ.

whereas the arrival of Christianity in Egypt wasn’t entirely while not conflict, several Egyptians quickly accepted and custom-made to the current new faith. This was partially because of timing, however additionally as a result of Christianity and therefore the ancient Egyptian religion had many similarities.


Christianity arrived in Egypt at a time wherever the recent belief system was falling apart. The god-king Pharaohs had been dethroned and the empire had sweptwing into the country. whereas Christianity was new Associate in Nursingd different, there have been many similar aspects that the Egyptians understood. ideas just like the death and resurrection of a god and therefore the belief in an afterlife; a paradise wherever sensible and trustworthy souls would be rewarded.


Furthermore, the sign of the Christian cross was terribly just like that of the Egyptian Ankh and, of course, the idea that God selected Egypt as a topographic point for baby Hebrew was a supply of pride for several Christian Egyptians.


Christianity in Egypt nowadays


Today, Christianity is that the second largest faith in Egypt (the dominant religion is Islam). The majority of the Christians are Coptic Christians, and it’s calculable that there are somewhere between 20-30 million followers of this religion in Egypt alone. In fact, Egypt has the biggest Christian population within the Mideast and North Africa.


Christian Monuments and Monasteries in Egypt


Unsurprisingly given the history and current standing of Christianity in Egypt, the country is home to variety of Christian churches, monuments, and monasteries. several of which may be visited throughout your Egypt trip.


whereas Christian monuments and monasteries don’t tend to be the main focus of most escorted tours of Egypt, you can customise your vacation and raise to incorporate a number of these web sites in your personal tour packages of Egypt.


Here are some of the most Christian monuments and monasteries in Egypt that you just is also inquisitive about seeing for yourself.


Hanging Church of Cairo


The hanging church in recent Cairo is truly referred to as the Saint Virgin Mary’s Coptic Orthodox Church. It’s one amongst the oldest churches in Egypt and is assumed to this point back to the seventh century, though there was another building placed on constant site that dates as far back because the third century.

The Hanging Church gets its nickname thanks to its seemance. The church itself is constructed higher than a house of a Roman-built fortress, conjointly the} area is suspended over a passageway creating it appear as if the church is hanging above. whereas the positioning is spectacular today, it had been even a lot of impressive within the past once the bottom level was many meters lower.


The Hanging Church, one amongst the foremost notable Christina Monuments in Cairo, Egypt


The Hanging Church in Cairo isn’t simply historic and distinctive in its appearance, however it’s also one of the most religiously vital churches in Egypt. it had been selected because the official residence of the Coptic Orthodox Pope in 1047. many patriarchs selected to be consecrated, elected, and enthroned during this church and it’s called a web site for several totally different apparitions of The Virgin Mary.


Today, tourists are welcome to go to the Hanging Church. Admission is free and therefore the church is open from 9am to 5pm each day. Coptic Mass is control from 8am-11am on Wednesdays and Fridays and from 9am-11am on Sundays.


Abu Serga Church


Abu Serga is another historic church placed in Cairo. additionally known as Saints Sergius and Graeco-Roman deity Church, it’s believed that Abu Serga was designed either within the fifth or eighth century. This church is devoted to 2 Martyrs named Sergius and Bacchus who were Roman officers that were killed and martyred when it had been discovered that they were each secret Christians.


it’s additionally believed that Joseph, Mary, and baby Hebrew stopped in the spot upon that the church was built after they fled to Egypt. As such, for many visitors, the most draw of Abu Serga is that the sepulcher wherever the Holy Family is claimed to own rested.


The Church of Saint Barbara


qualitative analysis back to the fifth or sixth century, the Church of Saint Barbara is another historic church which will be found in Cairo. Like most of the opposite Coptic buildings in Cairo, it had been restored multiple times- the foremost notable of that was throughout the eleventh century.

The Church of Saint Barbara was originally dedicated to St. prince and St. John, 2 martyrs who were idolized for his or her healing powers. However, documents dating back to the thirteen century say that relics of St. Barbara were enraptured and unbroken here, therefore its current name. This church is understood for its precious things including bible caskets, two-door panels, and ancient icons, most of that currently may be found within the close Coptic museum.


religious residence of Saint Simon


The religious residence of Saint Simon is one amongst the foremost distinctive Christian sites in all of Egypt, and additionally the biggest Christian church in the Middle East.

The religious residence of Saint Simon is found in what’s noted as ‘Garbage City’ which is at intervals the bounds of metropolitan Cairo. The official name for this space is Manshiyat Nasser, and therefore the majority of individuals who live here are Coptic Christians called the Zabbaleen. They collect garbage from Cairo’s residents (for a fee) and convey it back to their neighbourhood to type and notice reclaimable goods.


it had been the Zabbaleen that built the religious residence of Saint Simon in an exceedingly cave at intervals Garbage City. Saint Simon was a tanner from the tenth century, and this monastery inbuilt his name will seat up to 20,000 people. There are separate church areas built within the encompassing caves, making an outsized Christian complicated within Garbage City.


While this a part of Cairo isn’t specifically well-known for tourism, many thousands of individuals still create the journey to the current religious residence each year.


Saint Catherine’s religious residence


formally called the ‘Sacred religious residence of the God-Trodden Mount Sinai’, this monastery is devoted to Catherine of Alexandria and is found at the mouth of a gorge close to the bottom of Mount Sinai.

This monastery was designed between 548 and 565 and is one amongst the oldest functioning Christian monasteries within the world. it had been built by order of Emperor Justinian on the positioning wherever Moses is claimed to have seen the burning bush; a sacred web site to Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.


St. Catherine religious residence is one amongst the foremost wonderful Christina monuments in Egypt – image Credit: encyclopedia Britannica


Saint Catherine’s religious residence additionally contains the world’s oldest regularly in operation library that is home to variety of distinctive books. It also holds the second largest assortment of early codices and manuscripts (the residence Library has the biggest number). The Codex Sinaiticus, which dates back to the fourth Century and is one of the oldest preserved manuscripts of the Bible was found here. additionally discovered at the Monastery was the Syriac Sinaiticus, that pre-dates the Codex Sinaiticus and was crucial in understanding the history of the New Testament. The Syriac Sinaiticus will still be found at the monastery today.

Unsurprisingly, Saint Catherine’s religious residence could be a United Nations agency World Heritage Site.


religious residence of Saint Anthony


The religious residence of Saint Anthony is found within the jap Sahara Desert Desert, in the sea Mountains close to contemporary Hurghada. it had been designed by an oasis wherever Saint Anthony the Great, one amongst the ‘Desert Fathers’, spent his time when selecting to travel into the desert to flee those seeking his advice as he believed that it distracted him from his own worship.

The religious residence was inbuilt 356, many years when Saint Anthony’s death. it’s one amongst the oldest monasteries within the world and therefore the same rituals are practiced here, unchanged, for over sixteen centuries.  

whereas this monastery was attacked and round-faced tons of harm over the years, it still has plenty to see. Today, the monastery acts sort of a community with many churches, gardens, and even a operating bakery. There are many exceptional paintings, a number of that are believed to this point back to the seventh and eighth centuries, further as ancient woodworks, and over 1700 documents within the library. 


religious residence of Saint Anthony


religious residence of Saint Paul


placed in Egypt’s jap Desert, the religious residence of Saint Paul dates back to the fifth century. Saint Paul is believed to own been the mentor of Saint Anthony. Saint Paul was unparented by the age of sixteen and left his inheritance behind to dedicate his life to Egypt. He found refuge in the jap Desert wherever he lived to be 113. it’s same that Saint Anthony wanted out Saint Paul after hearing that there was a person within the desert who was holier than he. the 2 became friends till Paul’s death. in step with the stories, Anthony saw Paul’s spirit frantic by the angels and watched as two lions then mammary gland a grave and buried his body.


The religious residence of Saint Paul additionally called Deir Anba Bula, is constructed sort of a fortress. This was common because of Christian monasteries and churches being raided and pillaged by nomad and Berber groups. Despite its remote location, the religious residence of Saint Paul still fell under attack many times over the centuries.


do you have to favor to visit, there are 3 churches on the grounds that you’ll visit together with that of Saint Paul the hermit which is mammary gland into the cave wherever Saint Paul spent such a big amount of years. There are many manuscripts closely-held by the religious residence that you just can deem well.  


Gully el-Natroun


gully el-Natroun could be a vale placed regarding sixty two miles from Cairo. In ancient Egypt, it had been necessary because it was filled with the effervescent atomic number 11 required for the mummification process. it had been also important to the Romans, who found the world to even be a supply of oxide that they used for creating glass. However, whereas this gully was filled with resources, it additionally had another use; a secure haven for Christians fleeing Roman persecution.


At one point, gully el-Natroun was full of monasteries. However, when the damage and tear of time, weather, and nomad raids, solely four monasteries have survived and might be seen today. These are:


1) The religious residence of Anba Bishoy

2) The religious residence of Baramus

3) The religious residence of Abu Makar

4) The religious residence of El-Suryan


it’s attainable to go to all four of those monasteries as daily trip from Cairo. The religious residence of Abu Makar is particularly impressive. it’s home to over one hundred monks and has over 600 works who carry on the grounds and work on the monastery’s farm.


Final Word


while not a doubt, Egypt includes a made spiritual history and whereas the traditional swayer faith and current Islam religion tend to be the focus, those that have an interest in Christianity in Egypt won’t be unsuccessful by the unbelievable churches, monasteries, and Christian sites unfold throughout the country.

If you’re inquisitive about adding any of those Christian monuments and monasteries to your visit, get involved with our team. We’re happy to customise your Egypt personal tour package to your interests.

Open chat
Need Help?
If you need any help to organize your trip, don't hesitate to contact us.