Egypt Travel Guide : Facts and Informations of EGYPT

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Let us help you experience a journey of a lifetime… because at Marvelous Travel Agency, we believe a holiday should be all about you .

Home to one of the oldest and most influential civilizations on the planet, Egypt is a treasure trove of history and culture. From the capital of Cairo to the Nile Delta, the country is home to iconic ancient sights including the Pyramids of Giza and the temples of Abu Simbel. Additionally, Egypt’s Red Sea coast offers ample opportunities for relaxing, swimming and scuba diving on some of the world’s most pristine coral reefs.

Basic Information :

Egypt is officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt and is located in north-eastern Africa and southwestern Asia. Cairo, the capital and largest city, is the most modern in the Middle East and Africa.

Home to one of the oldest and most influential civilizations on the planet, Egypt is a treasure trove of history and culture. From the capital of Cairo to the Nile Delta, the country is home to iconic ancient sights including the Pyramids of Giza and the temples of Abu Simbel. Additionally, Egypt’s Red Sea coast offers ample opportunities for relaxing, swimming and scuba diving on some of the world’s most pristine coral reefs.

It is bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by Israel and the Red Sea, on the south by Sudan, and on the west by Libya. The country has a maximum length from north to south of about 1086 km (about 675 m) and a maximum width, near the southern border, of about 1255 km (about 780 m). It has a total area of about 1,001,450 sq km (about 386,662 sq m). Less than one-tenth of the land area of Egypt is settled or under cultivation, this consists of the valley and delta of the Nile, a number of desert oases, and land along the Suez Canal.

More than 90 percent of the country consists of desert areas: In the west, the Libyan Desert, a part of the Sahara Desert which is also known as the Western Desert. The Libyan Desert includes a vast sandy expanse called the Great Sand Sea. Located here are several depressions with elevations below sea level, including the Qattara Depression, which has an area of about 18,000 sq km (about 7000 sq m) and reaches a depth of 133 m (436 ft) below sea level, the lowest point in Africa. Also found here are the oases of Siwa, Kharga, Baharia and Dakhla.

In the east the Arabian Desert, also called the Eastern Desert (which borders the Red Sea and the Gulf of Suez). Much of the Arabian Desert occupies a plateau that rises gradually east from the Nile Valley to elevations of about 600 m (about 2000 ft) in the east and is broken along the Red Sea coast by jagged peaks as high as about 2100 m (about 7000 ft) above sea level.
In the extreme south, along the border with Sudan, is the Nubian Desert, an extensive region of dunes and sandy plains.

Pyramids Of Egypt

The Pyramids of Giza :

Located just outside Cairo, the Pyramids of Giza are arguably the most famous of Egypt’s ancient sights. The site comprises the iconic Sphinx and three separate pyramid complexes, each of which houses the burial chamber of a different pharaoh. The largest of the three, the Great Pyramid, is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is also the only one still standing.

Karnak Temple

Luxor :

Frequently referred to as the world’s largest open-air museum, the city of Luxor is built upon the site of the ancient capital of Thebes. It is home to two of Egypt’s most impressive temple complexes – Karnak and Luxor. On the opposite bank of the Nile lies the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, where the ancient royals are buried. Most famously, the necropolis includes the tomb of Tutankhamun.

Cairo

Cairo :

Chaotic, colorful Cairo is the capital of Egypt and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is full of cultural landmarks, from the Hanging Church (one of the oldest places of Christian worship in Egypt) to Al-Azhar Mosque (the second-oldest continuously run university in the world). The Egyptian Museum houses over 120,000 artifacts, including mummies, sarcophagi and the treasures of Tutankhamun.

Red Sea

Red Sea Coast :

Egypt’s Red Sea coast is famous as one of the best scuba diving destinations in the world. With clear, warm waters and an abundance of healthy coral reefs, it’s a great place to learn to dive. Even seasoned divers will be thrilled with the region’s World War wrecks and bucket list marine species (think sharks, dolphins and manta rays). Top resorts include Sharm el-Sheikh, Hurghada and Marsa Alam.

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